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Edwin Vieira: The Armed Forces And The Militia

Dr. Edwin Vieira, Jr.
Dr. Edwin Vieira, Jr.


Edwin Vieira: The Armed Forces And The Militia


This article was first published at News With Views in two parts. It’s hot off the press and I have not had time to obtain permission to publish it in full here, so please go ahead and click the first link below to read the article at its source.  I think that the title alone will be sufficient to draw readers to this excellent article by Dr. Vieira, but will paste in a few paragraphs below as a “teaser”. This is one you won’t want to miss.

Part One:

Part Two:


By Dr. Edwin Vieira, Jr., Ph.D., J.D.
May 26, 2015
Since I first started to write columns for NewsWithViews in 2005 about the need to revitalize “the Militia of the several States”—a full decade ago—that subject has received scant support, sympathy, or even mention from the run of self-styled conservatives, patriots, constitutionalists, and (most depressing of all) champions of the Second Amendment who have made themselves prominent on the Internet. Instead, if they say anything at all about the matter, they tend to parrot the line put out by a certain notorious “‘poverty’ law center”, that anyone who mentions the word “militia” (except to disparage the concept) is some sort of “extremist” or other crackpot whose goal is “to overthrow the federal government”. Or they take the position that the only “militia” in which Americans can have confidence are “militia” with no connections to “government” at all—and that somehow the Constitution provides for such “militia”. Or they contend that Americans’ right to defend themselves with arms against private criminals and tyrants in public office has nothing to do with any “militia”, but is exclusively an “individual” right with no “collective” purpose or manifestation. Apparently, as far as these people are concerned, that the original Constitution incorporates “the Militia of the several States” as permanent, integral components of the federal system of government—and that the Second Amendment conjoins “[a] well regulated Militia” with “the right of the people to keep and bear Arms” in the very same sentence, and even declares that “[a] well regulated Militia” is “necessary to the security of a free State”—are facts without significance (or facts the significance of which has somehow escaped them).

These are not the only examples of the astoundingly tortuous mental gymnastics in which such people indulge, for what reasons Heaven alone can fathom. For, on the one hand, many of them predict with approval that Americans may soon have, and will want, to depend upon leaders in the Armed Forces who will thrust themselves into positions of political authority in order to save this country in the event of a nationwide crisis. Yet, on the other hand, not a few of these very same prophets repeatedly warn Americans that “the federal government” is plotting to deploy the Armed Forces to impose “martial law” throughout this country, under color of either a real calamity or a “false-flag” deception. Apparently, in these people’s imaginations, at one and the same time the Armed Forces are not just capable of, but also intent upon, both a coup d’état to enforce the Constitution and a coup d’état to eviscerate the Constitution. (Note that in the term “Armed Forces” I include both the regular Army of the United States and the National Guard—because, although people often assume that the National Guard is some sort of “militia”, it actually is not any kind of “militia” at all, but instead consists of the “Troops, or Ships of War” which the States may “keep * * * in time of Peace” “with[ ] the Consent of Congress”, pursuant to Article I, Section 10, Clause 3 of the Constitution.)

I presume, however, that the upper echelons of America’s Armed Forces are not yet composed predominantly of aspiring Bonapartists, Peronists, and other assorted uniformed usurpers and traitors who itch to seize control of this country under whatever pretext of faux patriotism or pressure of some manufactured crisis can supply them with a plausible excuse for the imposition of “martial law”. Rather, until the necessary experiment falsifies the hypothesis, I believe that the true patriots within the Armed Forces should, could, and (with the proper encouragement and education) would go a long way towards saving this country by doing exactly what that “‘poverty’ law center” and its partisans, dupes, and useful idiots of both the political “Left” and “Right” so deprecate. Through successfully promoting revitalization of “the Militia of the several States”, the Armed Forces would help to prevent the assassination of the Constitution, by foreclosing the deadly threat of “martial law”, not just now but once and for all. (As I have written a lengthy book, entitled By Tyranny Out of Necessity: The Bastardy of “Martial Law”, on this subject I shall not elaborate on it here.) Not only that, the Armed Forces would help to provide the institutions Americans desperately need in order (among other things) to secure honest elections, to introduce an economically sound and constitutional alternative currency within the several States, to put teeth into “the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances”, and to make meaningful the assertion of the Tenth Amendment that “[t]he powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people”, both today and for the foreseeable future. (As I have written an even more lengthy book, entitled The Sword and Sovereignty, on this subject I shall not elaborate on it here, either.)

But how should this be done? Quite simply. Every time questions of “homeland security” arise in Congress and the States’ legislatures, spokesmen for the Armed Forces who are called as expert witnesses should make it a point to testify in favor of revitalizing “the Militia of the several States” as the missing, critical, and indispensable element in any coherent, comprehensive, and constitutional plan for “homeland security”. Not just referring to revitalization, not just recommending it, not just urging it—but demanding it in no uncertain terms… (snip)


Elias Alias

Editor in Chief for Oath Keepers; Unemployed poet; Lover of Nature and Nature's beauty. Slave to all cats. Reading interests include study of hidden history, classical literature. Concerned Constitutional American. Honorably discharged USMC Viet Nam Veteran. Founder, TheMentalMilitia.Net



  1. “For, although the Militia are governmental institutions of the States, and permanent components of the federal system”

    This is the one area that I disagree with Dr. Vieira, the Militia is NOT a governmental institution of the states. They are the Militia of the several states because the people of that state make up the Militia, not because they are state governed entities.

    The “boss” of the Militia is the US Constitution and each state Constitution under our Constitutional Republic. The Militia, much like the Grand Jury, is the peoples tool that is “loaned” when needed to both the state and general (federal) governments who were/are forbidden to create “standing” military and governmental professional law enforcement agencies.The Constitution of the United States of America REQUIRES that the people of each state belong to the Militia and to also train, arm themselves.

    John Adams, A Defense of the Constitutions of the United States 475: “To suppose arms in the hands of citizens, to be used at individual discretion, except in private self-defense, or by partial orders of towns, countries or districts of a state, is to demolish every constitution, and lay the laws prostrate, so that liberty can be enjoyed by no man; it is a dissolution of the government. THE FUNDAMENTAL LAW OF THE MILITIA IS, THAT IT BE CREATED, DIRECTED AND COMMANDED BY THE LAWS, AND EVER FOR THE SUPPORT OF THE LAWS.”

    Alexander Hamilton, Federalist Papers 28: “THE MILITIA IS A VOLUNTARY FORCE NOT ASSOCIATED OR UNDER THE CONTROL OF THE STATES EXCEPT when called out; [when called into actual service] a permanent or long standing force would be entirely different in make-up and call.” ( Plus to choose the officers, and to be trained as the congress has declared the US Military to be trained.)

    Roger Sherman, Debates on 1790 Militia Act; Debates in the House of Representatives: “Conceived it to be the privilege of every citizen, and one of his most essential rights, to bear arms, and to resist every attack upon his liberty or property, by whomsoever made. The particular States, like private citizens, have a right to be armed, and to defend by force of arms, their rights, when invaded.”

    Mark Twain: “The government is merely a servant, merely a temporary servant; it cannot be its prerogative to determine what is right and what is wrong, and decide who is a patriot and who isn’t. Its function is to obey orders, not originate them.”

    Saint George Tucker was a colonel in the Virginia militia, then wounded in the Revolutionary War; after that he became law professor at William and Mary, then went on to become a justice on the Virginia Supreme Court from 1804 to 1811: “The congress of the United States possesses no power to regulate, or interfere with the domestic concerns, or police of any state: it belongs not to them to establish any rules respecting the rights of property; nor will the constitution permit any prohibition of arms to the people;…”

    The Militia is a governmental institution in that it is REQUIRED by, and its activities must be in Pursuance thereof the US Constitution, and each state’s Constitution. It is a tool of the people.

  2. When I try to navigate to the newswithviews website or the website I instead get a webpage from Google informing me that the site has malware on it. When I click the link to go there anyway I am again directed to the Google warning page.

    I think that either 1- Dr. Vieira’s articles have been hacked and infected with malware, or 2- this is a leftist blocking maneuver designed to keep people from learning what their rights are with respect to militias.
    I hope someone will forward this information to both newswithviews and to Dr Vieira so the malware issue, whatever it really is, may be corrected.

    1. Ah, that is very interesting. I will certainly get the info to both NWV and Dr. Vieira, but first let me ask you which browser you’re using.
      Thanks very much for reporting this.
      Elias Alias, editor

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